Foods of Vietnam
Discover world-class products grown from Vietnam's diverse sea and soil.
Vietnam’s abundant and varied supply of agricultural products comes from its rich biodiversity and fertile soil. In recent years, Vietnam has transformed from a regional agricultural producer to a global food powerhouse. The country is home to award-winning brands, and an innovative food industry. Vietnam is also tapping into the global trend of natural ingredients and developing quality foods for health-conscious consumers.
The ‘Foods of Vietnam’ brand aims to provide support for a new generation of entrepreneurs with high standards in ethics and quality to make Vietnam a regional hub for the international food sector. The programme is also dedicated to creating a welcoming environment for national and global food ventures in Vietnam, and to strengthening Vietnam’s image and promoting the Vietnamese food industry to the world.
Vietnam is the world’s second largest coffee exporter, with more than 90% of its production volume exported worldwide. According to the Specialty Coffee Association (SCA), most Vietnamese robusta varieties score above 70 points, while Vietnamese arabica often scores above 80 points. Over the last 20 years, Vietnamese coffee farmers have developed new varieties of arabica suitable for the local soil and climate.
In recent years, coffee exports account for 15% of Vietnam’s total agricultural export and more than 10% of its agricultural GDP. Apart from Europeans and Americans, Asian coffee drinkers are also growing fonder of Vietnamese coffee beans. Vietnamese coffee exports to Asia have increased from less than 10% of total coffee exports in 2010 to 21% in 2020.
Thanks to Vietnam’s diverse vegetation and favourable climate, Vietnamese honey is known worldwide for its distinctive taste and aroma. To meet market standards, honey exporters in Vietnam have implemented strict quality control procedures and complied with the latest requirements set by importing nations.
Around 1.5 million bee colonies are managed by 30,000 beekeepers in Vietnam. Every year, these colonies produce more than 50,000 tons of honey, 90% of which is reserved for export. American and European markets take up the majority of Vietnam’s honey export market share, with the United States in the lead, followed by Spain and the United Kingdom.
Fruit and vegetable agricultural cooperatives and unions in Vietnam provide a stable income for 30 million people, and currently contribute 30% of the country’s GDP. More than 30 types of fruit trees are grown in Vietnam. Provinces such as Vĩnh Long, Tiền Giang and Bình Thuận are famous for their tasty durian, star apple, and dragon fruit.
China is Vietnam’s largest market for fruits and vegetables, followed by the United States, Japan, and South Korea. Since 2017, Vietnam’s fruit and vegetable exports have been valued from 3.5 billion to 3.8 billion USD annually. Vietnamese fruits are mainly exported in processed form. Popular fruit products from Vietnam include frozen pineapples, canned rambutans, dried jackfruit, fresh and condensed fruit juices.
Rice plays the most important role in Vietnam’s food security and rural economy. The rice industry generates jobs for millions of Vietnamese and is a reliable source of export revenue. Two main granaries, the Red River Delta in the north and Mekong Delta in the south, are responsible for Vietnam’s status as the second largest rice exporter in the world.
Vietnamese rice is exported to more than 150 countries worldwide. In recent years, Vietnam’s rice exports have enjoyed tremendous growth. Vietnam earned over 3 billion USD in rice exports in 2020, an increase of more than 10% from the year before. New high-yield rice varieties and agricultural technologies ensure the rice industry will remain one of Vietnam’s most attractive sectors in years to come.
Vietnamese coconuts are grown mostly along the central coast and in Mekong Delta provinces such as Bến Tre, where the healthy soil adds sweetness to the coconuts’ flesh and water. According to the International Coconut Community (ICC), Vietnam has the highest yield and quality of coconuts in the world.
Nearly 80% of Vietnam’s coconut planting area can be found in the Mekong Delta, where 130,000 hectares along the riverbanks are planted with coconuts. Exceptional quality coconuts from Bến Tre may be priced up to twice as much as coconuts from other regional competitors. Many coconut businesses in Vietnam are certified to international standards and are ready to serve promising markets.
Vietnam is an ideal destination for seafood investors, with a 3,000-kilometre coastline and an Economic Exclusion Zone covering one million square kilometres. Vietnam’s seafood products are exported to 167 markets worldwide, and comply with international standards such as MSC, Global GAP, HACCP, and ASC.
Vietnam’s diverse aquaculture system makes the country a key exporter in shrimp, pangasius, tuna, and many kinds of marine fish. From 2000 to 2017, Vietnam’s seafood export value increased by 453%. The country is one of the world’s top five seafood exporters, with export production valued at 9 billion USD in 2020.
Vietnam is currently the world’s largest pepper producer and Vietnamese pepper is known for its outstanding quality. Grown in Quảng Trị, Đắk Nông, Gia Lai and other central provinces, Vietnam specialises in producing black pepper, as well as other varieties such as white, green, red and pink pepper.
Vietnam’s pepper output accounts for nearly 60% of the world’s pepper exports. For the last ten years, production volume has steadily increased to reach 268,500 tonnes in 2020. About 22.8% of Vietnam’s pepper exports are purchased by the United States. Under the new Vietnam – EU Free Trade Agreement, Vietnam’s pepper industry has a bright future.
Vietnam is home to some of the world’s most distinctive tea plantations. Hà Giang, Vietnam’s northernmost province, is a unique natural tea garden with more than 4,000 ancient shan tea trees grown at a height of 1,500 metres. Teas from the hills of Yên Bái, Sơn La, and Lâm Đồng are loved by tea drinkers worldwide. Vietnam is the fifth largest global tea exporter, with teas sold to more than 100 countries.
Vietnam has an annual capacity of more than 500,000 tonnes of dry tea, with 130,000 hectares of tea-growing area and more than 500 production and processing facilities. The tea sector in Vietnam is export-oriented with nearly 80 percent of production reserved for foreign markets, including growing markets such as India.
Vietnam is the largest cashew manufacturer and exporter in the world. Vietnam’s cashew market is driven by an increase in consumers’ health consciousness and disposable income. Strict food safety standards are applied at Vietnam’s high-quality cashew processing sites, which can be found across the country. Some of Vietnam’s best cashew nuts come from the Central Highlands and its southeastern provinces.
Vietnam is also the second largest cashew processor in the world, with an annual capacity of 1.2 million tons, 40% of the worldwide capacity. In 2020, Vietnam exported over 500,000 tons of cashew kernels, valued at 2.84 billion USD. The cashew industry in Vietnam aims to maintain quantity and increase quality in 2021 and future years.
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The goal of ‘Foods of Vietnam’ is to develop and implement the National Food Branding Strategy to promote exports and apply a premium standard to food products that originate or are processed in Vietnam.
Vietnam Trade Promotion Agency (VIETRADE) – MoIT
Tel: +84 24 3934 7628 (ext. 71, 76)
20 Ly Thuong Kiet, Hoan Kiem, Hanoi, Viet Nam